There are several different types of arthritis, or joint inflammation, that can affect the toes. Osteoarthritis is age-related degeneration of joints due to physical wear-and-tear. Rheumatoid arthritis is caused by the immune system damaging the body’s own joints. Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a crystalline substance called uric acid building up inside of the joints and causing joint inflammation. Gout commonly affects the big toe, and in many cases the big toe joint may be the only joint that is affected by the disease. Claw toe deformity results from altered anatomy and/or neurologic deficit, resulting in an imbalance between the intrinsic and extrinsic musculature to the toes. Toe deformities (contractures) come in varying degrees of severity – from slight to severe. The can be present in conjunction with a bunion, and develop onto a severe disfiguring foot deformity. Advanced cases, the toe can dislocate on top of the foot. Depending on your overall health, symptoms and severity of the hammer toe, the condition may be treated conservatively and/or with surgery. Hammertoe, claw toe, and mallet toe are conditions that deform the shape of the four smaller toes, leaving them in a curved position. Hammertoe affects the toe’s middle joint; claw toe affects the toe’s middle and end joints; mallet toe affects the toe’s end joint. Plantar Fasciitis. The stretching or tearing of the plantar fascia, which supports the arch of the foot. Treat plantar Fasciitis with heel pads, splinting and physical therapy. Sometimes shock wave treatments are used as an alternative to surgery. Ulcer. An open wound on the foot. Foot Ulcers are especially common and especially dangerous among people with diabetes and lymphedema. They must be treated aggressively to ensure infection does not spread. The severity of the deformity may not correlate with the degree of pain. For example, a hammer toe or claw toe that looks severe may have no pain; while mild looking deformities may be incapacitating. Check your piggies before you put them away for the winter. If something is amiss, you can address it over the winter so when the sandals and the sun come back out next spring (OK, summer) you are ready to bare them to the world. If your toes are looking a little worse for wear, maybe you have one of the following five common toe deformities starting to develop. Fortunately taking action early can see all of these conditions easily reversed. Do nothing and you could be on the road to future foot pain. Wearing foot orthotics designed to relieve the pressure on your toe deformity and increase your biomechanical efficiency can also be effective. If the hammertoe deformity occurred because of improper positioning of your foot, orthotics can be important to control foot position after your surgery so the hammertoe deformity does not return. Your physician will take many things into consideration before suggesting hammertoe surgery. If your toe is very painful, your condition interferes with your daily activities, and more conservative treatments have not proven successful, hammertoe surgery may be necessary. It will also be suggested more readily if you have a rigid rather than flexible deformity. When the foot has a higher than usual arch, it is classified as a cavus foot, or pes cavus. Pes cavus literally means "hollow foot," according to UW Medicine, because the impression a cavus foot leaves consists mainly of the heel and ball of the foot. Most of the pressure is placed on the heel and ball of the foot when standing or walking. This condition can be hereditary or found with some neurological disorders, such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. There can be foot problems associated with pes cavus. Metarsalgia Hammer toe and mallet toe – causes" Mayo Clinic Retrieved 2009-01-30 External links edit Upper limb Lower limb Head General terms This brings me on to the fact that as with every condition prevention is always easier to do than provide a cure. In the main then wear fashionable, tight shoes by all means but only for special occasions, not every day. Yet again, I am back to my maxim that unless a shoe feels like a comfortable slipper when you try it on in the shop then do not buy it. Bunions A bunion is an abnormal prominence of the first joint of the big toe that pushes the toe sideways toward the smaller toes. Hammer toes often develop together with bunion deformities, and they are often treated together. Hammer toes, claw toes, and mallet toes all have muscle and tendon issues in common, but are each defined by the joint affected that causes the toe to curve downward. A hammer toe is where the middle joint causes the toe to curve downward, causing the entire toe to curve up then then down at a sharp angle (like and upside-down V). Most common in the second toe, this condition is often associated with bunions. When toes are bent for periods of time, their muscles shorten, which then leads to the deformity. Other causes are muscle, nerve or joint damage resulting from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, stroke, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease and diabetes. Lots of years back, eye eye slipped on a soapy wet floor. eye flung out my arm to conserve myself, and landed with all my weight on one hand. The doctor stated the majority of people would have broken their wrist, and it was a pity eye had not! eyenstead, the shock skyrocketed my arm and into my neck, herniation a disk. You can repeat any of these heel discomfort workouts throughout the day, if you wish. For example the tennis ball rolling can be done as you enjoy TELEVISION or review the paper. Hammertoes vary in shape and size but they generally cause the affected toe to take on a claw-like appearance. Usually, the second toe is most likely to be affected and it’s not unusual for more than one toe on a foot to be affected with hammertoe. Hammertoe generally results in a fixed position or deformity that can cause significant pain and discomfort with tight shoes. Hammertoes are not caused by ill-fitting shoes or sustained wearing of high heels. Hammer toes form when there is an imbalance in the tendons that move the toe. The primary causes of hammertoe are extensor substitution and flexor substitution.